By 500 BC, the Roman Republic had established a formidable presence in the territories around the Mediterranean. Yet, the sea is no boundary for L. Junius Brutus, the then first consul of the Republic, as far as the expansion of the Republic was concerned.
However, the military might of the Persian Empire, Roma’s mighty neighbor and strong contender, could not be easily ignored. Its victory against the Egyptian only fueled the expansion ambition of Darius I, who faithfully carried out what the formidable Cyrus the Great had planned but yet to accomplish.
Unfortunately, Persia’s imperial expansion was thwarted by Alexander the Great, the charismatic leader of the Macedonians, who also had his eye on the rich lands along the River Nile. Despite its long history and bountiful resources, Egypt was reduced to a satrapy of the Persian Empire after the fall of the 26th Dynasty.